The Arc of Slabs, a term recently coined by In-Fisherman
magazine, are the four U.S. Army Corps of Engineers flood control reservoirs along the I-55 corridor in north Mississippi.
These water impoundments include Arkabutla, Sardis, Enid and Grenada lakes. The name was coined because of the quality
white and black crappie populations that inhabit these reservoirs and the quality fishing opportunities they produce.
“Large crappie are often affectionately referred to as ‘slabs’
by anglers seeking this culinary treat, and the ‘arc’ describes the geographic characteristics the four lakes
make along the I-55 corridor, which looks like a quarter moon,” said Kevin Hunt, associate professor of wildlife and
fisheries and director of the Human Dimensions and Conservation Law Enforcement Laboratory.
Crappie are considered by many in the South as the best fish for eating, and catches often come in bunches that allow
anglers to share their bounty with family and friends.
These lakes provide numerous fishing opportunities
for anglers in Mississippi and surrounding states. These and other lakes have some referring to Mississippi as a top
crappie fishing destination, Hunt added. Many of the crappie fishing tournament trails host prestigious tournaments at the
north Mississippi reservoirs, which helps increase overall tourism to the region.
Despite the many visitors to these fishing destinations, little is known about the attitudes of anglers using the impoundments
and the impacts of their spending on the economies of the surrounding counties.
To assess the economic impacts of fishing at Sardis and Grenada lakes—the two most used reservoirs—a study was
initiated in the Forest and Wildlife Research Center at Mississippi State University. Funded by MSU, the U.S. Fish and
Wildlife Service Federal Aid in Sport Fish Restoration and the Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries, and Parks, the
study included interviews of recreational boat anglers at the lakes and a follow-up mail survey.
“Fishing is an important activity in Mississippi,
contributing $240 million to the Mississippi economy,” Hunt said.
to a report by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, more than 546,000 residents and nonresidents enjoy fishing opportunities
throughout the state, including those at the Arc of Slabs, Hunt added.
understand more about the premier destinations, wildlife and fisheries graduate student Susan Baker, along with undergraduate
students under her direction, conducted exit interviews from March 2006 through February 2007 at Sardis Lake and from March
2007 through February 2008 at Grenada Lake.
“The exit interviews were conducted at randomly
selected boat ramps on 110 days at each of the reservoirs and were followed by a mail survey sent to anglers shortly after
their trip,” Hunt said.
At Sardis Lake, some 500 fishing parties agreed to
be part of the study when they were approached at boat ramps after their fishing trips.
“Of those surveyed at Sardis, 60 percent were from Mississippi and 40 percent were from out of state, mostly from
the Memphis, Tenn., area,” Hunt said.
A total of 605 fishing parties took part in the study
at Grenada Lake. Of those, 85 percent were from Mississippi. Residents of Missouri were the largest nonresident
angler group at slightly more than 5 percent.
The Grenada study is not yet completied, but results
from the Sardis survey indicate that the Arc of Slabs is indeed a stream of revenue for Mississippi and its economy.
“On the state level for the 2006-2007 fishing season, the total sales impact
was $16.7 million in 2007 dollars, supporting 297 full- and part-time jobs,” said Steve Grado, an economist and forestry
professor. “The analysis indicated that for every dollar spent in the state on fishing- related expenditures at
Sardis Lake, there was an economic impact return of $1.59.”
counties of Panola, Marshall, and Lafayette had a total impact of $7.1 million in 2007 dollars, supporting 119 full- and part-time
jobs in the local area, Grado added.
Other results from the survey indicated:
96 percent of anglers were male with the average age of 53.
Median household income was $60-70,000.
spent an average of 45 days fishing in lakes.
On average, anglers had 40 years of freshwater fishing experience.
“The Sardis Lake survey will help government agencies understand
who their clientele are, how to serve them better and where they can market the fishing opportunities to attract more anglers”
In addition, it also places an economic value on the activity, which
couples nicely with some other values recreationists accrue from visiting the impoundment. These values can also be
used to assist in decision making for future management and planning. For example, 79 percent of the fisherman indicated a
preference for catching crappie.
“This will motivate fisheries biologists and
justify management strategies that will target the habitat needs of both species of crappie at every life stage,” said
Steve Miranda, a wildlife and fisheries professor.
majority of anglers enjoyed their trips and believed the facilities met their needs. This is good news for these aging
reservoirs, which have been around for about 50 years.
changes, which include 12-inch minimum size limits, 20-fish daily bag limits and pole restrictions (some of the most protective
crappie regulations in the country), are designed to maintain the quality fisheries and make sure the Arc of Slabs continues
to provide a consistent stream of economic benefits, as well as to maintain its status as a crappie fishing destination, Hunt